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KOSTRAD
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Komando Strategis Cadangan Angkatan Darat
 
 

Kostrad yang berkekuatan sekitar 25.000 pasukan mensupervisi kesiapan operasional semua komando dan melaksanakan operasi pertahanan dan keamanan nasional berdasarkan perintah dari panglima ABRI. Kostrad lahir ketika Indonesia sedang dalam perjuangan membebaskan Irian Barat di tahun 1960. Kostrad secara resmi berdiri pada tanggal 6 Maret 1961.

 

Pada mulanya Kostrad dikenal sebagai Korps Cadangan Angkatan Darat, namun berubah menjadi Kostrad pada tahun 1963. Tentara berbaret hijau ini tidak pernah absen dalam berbagai operasi militer, seperti penumpasan G30S/PKI, Trisula, PGRS di Sarawak, PARAKU di Kalimantan Utara, dan Operasi Seroja di Timor Timur.  Prajurit Kostrad juga telah berkecimpung di level internasional dengan pengiriman pasukan Garuda di Mesir (1973-1978) dan Vietnam (1973-1975), dan bergabung dengan pasukan perdamaian PBB dalam era perang Iran-Iraq sekitar tahun 1989 dan 1990.

 

Pada tahun 1984 Panglima Kostrad bertanggung jawab kepada Panglima ABRI mengenai pelaksanaan operasi tempur, atau operasi Hankam. Saat ini, Kostrad memiliki antara 35.000 hingga 40.000 pasukan dalam dua divisi infanteri: Divisi I berpusat di Cilodong, Jawa Barat, dan Divisi II berpusat di Malang, Jawa Timur. Setiap divisi memiliki beberapa brigade lintas udara dan infanteri. Disamping itu, Kostrad sendiri memiliki brigade linta udara yang terpisah, satu brigade kavaleri, dua resimen artileri, dan beberapa unit bantuan tempur.  

KOSTRAD [Army Strategic Reserve Command], which has between 25,000 and 26,000 troops, supervises operational readiness among all commands and conducts defense and security operations at the strategic level in accordance with policies of the ABRI commander. KOSTRAD came into being when Indonesia was dealing with the liberation of West Irian in 1960, and was formally constitued on 06 March 1961. Initially designated the Army General Reserve Corps, its name was changed to KOSTRAD in 1963.

These green-beret troops have never been absent from the various military operations, such as G-30-S/PKI [30 September Movement/Indonesian Communist Party], Trisula, the PGRS [Sarawak People's Guerrilla Force] in Sarawak, the PARAKU [North Kalimantan People's Force] in North Kalimantan, and Operation Seroja in East Timor. KOSTRAD troops have also been relied on at the international level, as was the case with Garuda troops in Egypt (1973-78) and Vietnam (1973-75) and with those in the combined peace force in the midst of the Iran-Iraq war of 1989 and 1990.

In 1984 the PANGKOSTRAD became responsible to the ABRI commander for the conduct of combat operations, called defense and security operations. At present, KOSTRAD has a strength of some 35,000 to 40,000 army personnel with two infantry divisions: the 1st Division, headquartered at Cilodong, West Java, and the 2d Division, headquartered at Malang, East Java. Each of the divisions contains airborne and infantry brigades. KOSTRAD also includes a separate airborne brigade; one cavalry brigade; two field artillery regiments; and several combat support and service support units.

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Parade in regular Kostrad uniform.

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Kostrad troops in camouflage uniforms.

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Kostrad snipers.

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Kostrad troops in parade.

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Jungle war training.

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Kostrad Scorpions.